Topic: Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Barriers Significantly Influence Time to Bystander Compressions in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Rapid identification of sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and delivery of bystander chest compressions in patients with ventricular fibrillation are key elements in the chain of survival. However, time to bystander compressions can be greatly affected by a wide variety of barriers, some beyond an EMD’s control. s: The aim of this study is to identify and quantify the impact that barriers have on the time taken to achieve bystander compressions for suspected...

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Data Collection on the Effectiveness of Dispatcher-Assisted CPR

In medical emergencies involving out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs), bystanders reasonably, but sometimes incorrectly, expect that a call to 911 will result in a dispatcher guiding the caller through the steps of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).   s: The primary objective of this research is to investigate the role of the dispatcher and dispatcher-assisted telephone-CPR (TCPR) in survival rates of OHCAs. This naturally led to an evaluation of the data...

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Enhancing Emergency Medical Dispatch to Drive Specific and Significant Improvements in Patient Care

Measurement is a critical part of testing and implementing changes as well as identifying areas for further research, in prehospital care and dispatch.1 Kaunas, the second largest city in Lithuania, implemented the Medical Priority Dispatch System™ (MPDS®) to improve the efficiency, timely availability, consistency, and reliability of dispatch data and information. This in turn facilitated a research study into the care of cardiac arrest patients. Measurement is a critical part of testing and...

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