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The Evidence Base for a New "Vehicle in Water" Emergency Dispatch Protocol

Gordon G. Giesbrecht, PhD

Mar 20, 2016|AEDR 2016 Vol. 4 Issue 1|Concept Papers

Every year, 350-400 people die in submersed vehicles in North America, with these deaths accounting for up to 10% of all drownings. Vehicle submersion has the highest fatality rate of any type of single vehicle accident.5 Most of these incidents are survivable, as vehicles usually hit the water in an upright position causing, at most, non-disabling injuries; in these cases death results from either ineffective, or no, self-rescue actions by the victim(s). In general, emergency dispatch protocols for sinking vehicles have been either nonexistent or ineffective to deal...

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