Author: Isabel Gardett, PhD

Barriers Significantly Influence Time to Bystander Compressions in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Download Original Paper Rapid identification of sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and delivery of bystander chest compressions in patients with ventricular fibrillation are key elements in the chain of survival. However, time to bystander compressions can be greatly affected by a wide variety of barriers, some beyond an EMD’s control. s: The aim of this study is to identify and quantify the impact that barriers have on the time taken to achieve bystander compressions for suspected OHCAs. Methods: This retrospective, quantitative cohort...

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Welcome Message from the Editor-in-Chief

Download PDF Message from the Editor-in-Chief In gem cutting, a “facet” is one of the cut faces that causes the gem to shine and sparkle. But facets don’t just reflect light. In the words of the International Gem Society, facets “control the entry and exit of light” from the gem. In other words, cutting a new facet—seeing or finding a new angle on the stone—allows the viewer to literally see further into its depths. It’s an enchanting idea, and one that, surprisingly enough, applies to this issue of AEDR. In 2013, in the second issue ever of AEDR, we published a literature review...

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Persons Descriptions Reported to Emergency Police Dispatch

Download Original Paper Identification of persons based on verbal descriptions is one of the key skills of police work. Gathering as much description information as possible immediately following the event—for example, at the point of emergency police dispatch—could substantially improve the accuracy of suspect descriptions, the ability to locate missing persons quickly, and other key outcomes of effective police work. : The primary objective of this study was to determine what amount and type of persons description information is collected by...

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Comparison of EMD Selection of Sick Person Chief Complaint Protocol with On-Scene Responder Findings

Download Original Paper The Emergency Medical Dispatcher’s (EMD’s) selection of the most appropriate Chief Complaint Protocol is one of the most important elements in emergency dispatching. Choosing the correct Chief Complaint ensures that the correct information is gathered, the correct instructions and help provided, and the right resources sent. The selection of the MPDS Sick Person Protocol is often one of the most difficult for EMDs. s: The primary objective of this study is to compare the EMD’s selection of the Sick Person Protocol with on-scene...

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Implications of Pre-Alerts for Medical Emergency Calls

Download Original Paper In emergency dispatching, pre-alerts are used to send responders to calls prior to getting a final dispatch code. Some studies have showed that pre-alerts can effectively reduce dispatch time for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests, potentially improving overall patient outcome. However, there is also a potential risk in running lights-and-siren on non-fully triaged calls. Although pre-alerts have been used for several years, no research studies have demonstrated its benefit, in general. s: The goal of this study was to determine...

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